Tuesday 13th December 2016
Historically, the ocean has absorbed approximately a quarter of all CO2 released into the atmosphere by humans since the start of the industrial revolution, resulting in a 26 percent increase in the acidity of the ocean, according to a 2013 report for policymakers by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP).
Global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. These coral reductions will result in less diverse reef communities and reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. The future for coral reefs is predicted to be increasingly serious, with consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people.
The oceans absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and are estimated to have absorbed about half the excess CO2 released by human activities in the past 200 years. About half of this anthropogenic CO2 (carbon dioxide in the atmosphere resulting from human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, rather than natural processes.
Re-Pal is conscious of the harmful effects humanity is having on ocean acidity and the environment in general. By utilising 100 percent waste materials, which would otherwise produce CO2, we negate the need for production of virgin materials. Our nestable design means less emissions during transportation. The durability and reusable nature of our pallets saves deforestation and waste from ending up as landfill or dumped in the ocean.
Although the chemistry of ocean acidification is well understood, its effect on marine life is less well-known as the process has only been recognised for less than a decade. Even relatively small increases in ocean acidity decrease the capacity of corals to build skeletons, which in turn decreases their capacity to create habitat for the Reef’s marine life.
Indonesian officials have warned that Indonesia could lose 40 percent of its fishing jobs, and see its food security weakened as a direct result of ocean acidification. This is one of many reasons Re-Pal is passionate and dedicated to finding a sustainable solution for the future of our oceans and greater environment.